The Kingdom Animalia is composed of different classifications of animals, depending on what food they consume. This made it easier for experts to classify them, as well as their biological information and inputs. One of these classifications is omnivore or omnivorous. Lots of animals are included in this class, and given that, we are going to discuss it more.
When we say omnivorous, o it refers to animals that can survive through consuming both animal and plant matter. It is an animal that has the ability to obtain nutrients and energy from both the animal and plant that it consumes. Omnivores digest protein, carbohydrates, fiber, and fat and metabolize the absorbed energy and nutrients. Often, this class also has the ability to incorporate sources of food into their diets such as bacteria, fungi, and algae.
Aside from that, omnivores come from a variety of backgrounds that sophisticatedly and independently evolved through consumption capabilities. Let us put a dog and pig as an example. A dog came from the class of carnivorous, which is consuming meat only. On the other hand, pigs came from the herbivore class, which consumes only plants. Throughout time, both of these animals evolved to become omnivores. Despite that, there are physical characteristics, including the tooth morphology that is used as a reliable indicator of a mammal’s diet. This is what has been observed from the bears’ morphological adaptation.
Under this classification, it still has its own sub-categories, which further classifies the variety of animals according to their feeding behaviors. Frugivores include orangutans, wolves, and maned; Insectivores include pink fairy armadillos and swallows, and Granivores include mice and large ground finches.
All of these mentioned animals are classified as omnivores, yet there are still some that fall into special niches depending on the preferred foods and feeding behavior. Being omnivore provides these animals with better food security, especially during stressful times. This makes their living more effective and efficient than other categories.
There lurk different kinds of mammals that scavenge for food in the wild, and almost all of these are classified as omnivores. Below are some of these mammals:
Aside from that, Hominidae, including human beings, orangutans, and chimpanzees, is also qualified to be included in this list.
Moreover, most of the bear species are classified as omnivores. However, individual diets can differ from being almost carnivore and herbivore. This depends on the available source of food that can be by season or locality. Also, wolves and their subspecies include coyotes, wolves, dingoes, and dogs that can eat both plant and meat matters. However, there is still a higher percentage of their consumption of meat matter as they are scavengers that need a strong diet.
Above all, omnivores play a large role in the food chain and the whole process within the ecosystem. Each animal and chain has its own role that helps the ecosystem be more effective and sustainable both to the living organisms and human beings.